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SBI PO 2015: Reasoning Practice - 10

IBPS EXAM Guru

Direction (1 - 3): In each question below is given a group of letters followed by four combinations of digits/symbols numbered (1), (2), (3) and (4). You have to find out which of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters based on the following coding system and the conditions that follow and mark the number of that combination as your answer. If none of the combinations correctly represents the group of letters, marks (5) i.e. 'None of

 Letter P M K E A I Z T R U B F N V D Digit/Symbol Code 8 3 1 4 @ 2 5 © 8 7 5 6 % # 9

Conditions

(i) If the first letter is a vowel and the last letter is a consonant both are to be coded as ⋆.

(ii) If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel their codes are to be interchanged.

(iii) If both the first and the last letters are vowels both are to be coded as the first letter.

1. IFNVDE

(1) 26%#92 (2) 46%#92 (3) 46%#94 (4) ⋆6%#9⋆ (5) None of these

2. KEIMPD

(1) 942381 (2) 1423\$9 (3) 942389 (4) 142381 (5) None of these

3. UBTIZN

Direction (4 - 5): Below in each question are given two statements (A) and (B). These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause. One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choices correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements.

Mark answer (1) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect.

Mark answer (2) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect.

Mark answer (3) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes.

Mark answer (4) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

Mark answer (5) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common cause.

4. A The average day temperature of the city has increased by about 2 degrees in the current year over the average of past ten years.

B. More people living in rural areas of the state have started migrating to the urban areas in comparison with the earlier year.

5. A Most of the shopkeepers in the locality closed their shops for the second continuous day.

B. Two groups of people living in the locality have been fighting with each other with bricks and stones forcing people to stay indoors.

Direction (6 - 10): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.

Give answer (1) if only Assumption I is implicit.

Give answer (2) if only Assumption II is implicit.

Give answer (3) if either Assumption I or Assumption II is implicit.

Give answer (4) if neither Assumption I nor Assumption II is implicit.

Give answer (5) if both Assumptions I and II are implicit.

6. Statement: A very large number of people stood in the queue for buying tickets for the one day international cricket match scheduled to be played in the city on the next day.

Assumptions:

I. No other one day International cricket match may be played in the city for the next six months.

II. Majority of those who stood in the queue may be able to get ticket for the one day international cricket match.

7 Statement: The highway police authority put up large boards at regular intervals indicating the speed limit and dangers of over speeding on the highways.

Assumptions:

I. Most of the motorists may drive vehicles within the speed limit on the highways.

II. Motorists generally ignore such cautions and over speed on the highways.

8. Statement: The employees' association urged its members to stay away from the annual function as many of their demands were not met by the management.

Assumptions:

I. Majority of the members of the association may not attend the function.

II. The management may cancel the annual function.

9. Statement: The sarpanch of the village called a meeting of all the heads of the families to discuss the problem of acute shortage of drinking water in the village.

Assumptions:

I. The sarpanch had earlier called such meetings to discuss about various problems.

II. Most of the heads of families may attend the meeting called by the sarpanch.

10. Statement: The municipal corporation advised all the people living in the shanties along the beaches to move to higher places during monsoon.

Assumptions:

I. Many people living in the shanties may leave the city and relocate themselves elsewhere in the state.

II. Majority of the people living in the shanties along the beach may try to relocate to higher places during monsoon.

1. 1; I F N V D E

2 6 % # 9 2

Condition (iii) is applicable.

2. 2; K E I M P D

1 4 2 3 S 9

3. 3; U B T I Z N

· Δ © 2 5 *

4. 4; Both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.

5. 2; Clearly statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effects.

6. 2; Only assumption II is implicit in the statement. A veiy large number of people were there in the queue, assuming that they will get ticket.

7. 1; Only assumption I is implicit in the statement. Any public notice is displayed assuming that most of the people will follow the contents of the notice.

8. 1; Only assumption I is implicit in the statement. Any appeal does have some effects on the people.

9. 5; Clearly both the assumptions are implicit in the statement.

10. 2; Only assumption II is implicit in the statement.