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Monday, 4 July 2016

English Language Quiz 1 for IBPS PO

Directions (Q. 1-10): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Talent is worshipped everywhere, which is motivated through awards system. Because awards are a sign of pride and glory in everybody's life. Presenting an award is the means to hon or the talents, achievements, performance and work for a lifetime of a person. Different awards have their own specific fields of existence and each one of them adds there are numerous award ceremonies that occur in India. The Indian celebrities like the sportsmen, artists, actors and technicians are awarded in the different fields on the basis of their abilities and passion.

Until 2011, the official criteria for awarding the Bharat Ratna stipulated it was to be conferred for the highest degrees of national service. This service includes artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as  recognition of public service of the highest order. In December 2011, the Government of India modified the criteria to allow sports persons to receive the award; since then, the award may be conferred for performance of highest order in any field of human endeavour. Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for the award. The recommendations for an award of the "Bharat Ratna" are made by the Prime Minister of India to the President of India; a maximum of three awards may be made in a given year. The holders of the Bharat Ratna rank 7th in the Indian order of  precedence; however, the honour does not carry a monetary grant. The honour does not confer any pre- or post-nominal titles or letters; recipients are constitutionally prohibited from using the award name as a title or post-nominal. However, if they desire, recipients may state they are
Bharat Ratna awardees in their curriculum vitae, on letterheads or on business cards. When we discuss about sports , especially cricket then name of Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar comes on the top, their fans also call him "God of Cricket", who is now a former Indian cricketer widely  acknowledged as the greatest batsman of the modern generation and by many as the greatest cricketer of all time. He is not the first of India's sporting heroes: there were several before him, and even some after 1989, the year he made his international debut and received awards .But unfortunately some Indian cricketers were found guilty in the charges of fixing and bribery i.e. Mohammad ajharudd in, Ajay Sharma, Manoj prabhakar and many more. But when Tendulkar announced his retirement from all forms of cricket on 16November 2013 after playing his 200th and final Test match, against the West Indies in Mumbai's Wankhede Stadium. Then within a few hours of ending of his final match on 16 November 2013, the Prime Minister's Office announced the  decision to award Tendulkar with the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, making him the youngest recipient to date and the first ever sportsperson to receive the award. At 40, the cricket icon is the youngest ever to receive the award. Unlike many others who have received the honour in the last six decades, he did not have to wait for the award; the award waited for him. Thus the honour was India's, as much as Tendulkar's.

 

1. Which of the following is the highest Indian Honour?
1) Padmavibhushan 2) Padma Shri 3) Bharat Ratna 4) Arjun Award 5) Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award.


2. According to writer, who did serve as a source of Inspiration and motivation?
1) Kapil Dev 2) Former President Abdul Kalam 3) Ajay Sharma 4) Manoj Prabhakar 5) Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar


3. Which of the following cricketer was not found Involved in the charges of fixing and bribery in the cricket match given in the  passage?
1) Mohammad Ajharuddin 2) Aja Sharma 3) Mahendra Singh Dhoni 4) Manoj Prabhakar 5) Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar

4. Which of the following is true as given in the passage?
1) No one could break any record of Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar
2) Sachin is the second most respected player of the team, hence called 'God of cricket'
3) BCCI called Sachin as 'God of Cricket'
4) In 2011, Government of India allowed sportspersons to receive the Bharat ratna Award.
5) None of these


5. What is the mean of following given statement as used in the passage- "He did not have to wait for the award, the award awaited for him"
1) Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar is the greatest batsman of the modern generation.
2) Bharat Ratna award is the highest honour for national service and former cricketer Sachin Tendulkar has divoted a big span of life to the Nation.
3) Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award.
4) Sachin Tendulakar is the youngest cricketer of India, who received bharat Ratna.
5) None of these

 

Directions (Q. 6-8):  Choose the word, which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.


6. Stipulated
1) Designed 2) Conditioned 3) Stream 4) Endeavour 5) Managed


7. Precedence
1) Rank 2) Subservience 3) Inferiority 4) diliberate 5) setback


8. Acknowledged
1) Pacificist 2) Coexist 3) Accepted 4) Comendable 5) Alleged


Directions (Q. 9-10): Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in boldas given below-

9. Confer
1) Dishonor 2) Taking 3) Speak 4) Discuss 5) Impregnable


10. Civilians
1) Perpetrators 2) Military 3) Fleet 4) Retrograde 5) Downplayed

 

Directions (Q. 11-20): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Water touches every aspect of life, and in India uncertainty over access to and the availability of this basic resource may be reaching crisis levels. As India continues to  undergo dramatic shifts caused by a growing economy and population, competing demands for this limited resource coming from households, industry, and agriculture have wide-ranging implications for the country's future. India's water crisis is rooted in three causes. The first is insufficient water per person as a result of population growth. The second cause is poor water quality resulting from insufficient and delayed investment in urban water-treatment facilities. The third problem is dwindling groundwater supplies due to over-extraction by farmers.

Water scarcity is fast becoming urban India's number one woe, with government's own data revealing that residents in 22 out of 32 major cities have to deal with daily shortages. For example, in Delhi approx. 3,156 million litres of water (MLD) is supplied against the requirement of 4,158. But around 40% of the supply is lost in distribution resulting in a much wider gap between demand and supply than what's recorded. The worst-hit city is Jamshedpur, where the gap between demand and supply is a  yawning70%. The crisis is acute in Kanpur, Asansol, Dhanbad, Meerut, Faridabad, Visakhapatnam, Madurai and Hyderabad - where supply fails to meet almost 30% of the demand - according to data provided by states which was placed in the Lok Sabha during the recently-concluded Parliament session by the urban development ministry. Th e figures also reveal that in Greater Mumbai and Delhi - which have the highest water demand among all cities - the gap between demand and supply is comparatively less. The shortfall is 24% for Delhi and 17% for Mumbai. However, the situation is  worse than that.
India's future economic growth is also a concern. If the country cannot expand irrigation or increase agricultural productivity by other means, economic growth will be restricted. Government of India have made a  comprehensive plan for creating a unique platform for deliberating the issues involving all stakeholders including decision makers,  politicians, researchers and entrepreneurs of water resources not only from Indian arena but also from International avenues for  getting benefited mutually. There is emphasis throughout the country on watershed development. This involves levelling land and tapping rainwater in small ponds created by building small dams in the streams (called check dams).
Since Water is the most precious gift of nature can be made to beneficial use to the mankind only if; all the stakeholders are fully involved in its development and management. By understanding the importance of building public awareness, as it is vital in getting support in implementation of the objectives, efforts will be put in through national portals and media engagement for effective civil society involvement too in the consultative processes of India Water Week 2013 (IWW-2013) . As a part of this endeavour, the Ministry of Water Resources has decided to host an International event "India Water Week" on an annual basis. The first event of this kind India Water Week- 2012 (IWW-2012) has recently been organized during the period from 10 to 14 April, 2012 with the theme "Water Energy & Food Security: Call for Solutions". The Conference was attended by about 1000 national and international delegates and an exhibition covering an area of 3000sq.m as well as 5 specialized add-on events were the highlight of the event.

11 . What's the theme of India water week 2013?
1) "Water Energy & Food Security".
2) "Water Energy & storage of energy- Call for Solutions".
3) "Call for Solutions".
4) "Water Energy & Food Security: Call for Solutions".
5) None of these

 

12. Which of the following city is facing the worst crisis of water as given in the passage-

1) Kanpur 2) Delhi 3) Mumbai 4) Urban Area 5) Jamshedpur

13. What do you mean by "Check dams"?
1) Small dams in the still water. 2) Small dams in the streams. 3) Watershed 4) To tap rainwater in small ponds created by building small dams. 5) None of these


14. Which of the following is the most probable reason (s) behind the crisis of water in India in the context of the passage?
1) Drought in India .
2) Much of the river remains polluted with a high coliform count at many places.
3) Highly fragmented land ownership is in India.
4) Economic growth of India is major concern.
5) None of these.


15. Which of the following is definitely (False) about the given passage?
1) There are four main causes for India's water crisis.
2) A wide range of agriculture is depend upon rain water for irrigation.
3) The ministry of Water Resources hosted an International Event in 2012.
4) Both 1 and 2
5) None of these.


Directions (Q. 16-18):  Choose the word, which is MOST SIMILAR in meaning to the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

16. Undergo
1) Endure 2) Surrender 3) Break through 4) Perceptive 5) Stringency


17. Dwindling
1) Wane 2) Wasting away 3) Enhance 4) Ascend 5) Raise


18. Yawning
1) Whack 2) Drowse 3) Conceal 4) Deficiency 5) Paucity

Directions (Q. 19-20): Choose the word which is MOST OPPOSITE in meaning of the word printed in bold as given
below-

19. Endeavor
1) Venture 2) Subside 3) Inactivity 4) stringency 5) plight


20. Comprehensive
1) Mild 2) Abide 3) Crunch 4) abundance 5) incomplete

Answers :-

1 3
2 5
3 5
4 1
5 2
6 2
7 1
8 3
9 1
10 2
11 4
12 5
13 4
14 5
15 1
16 1
17 2
18 4
19 3
20 5

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