Friday, 25 March 2016

English vocabulary Practice Set 9 for bank exams

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1. altruism:
(a) selflessness
(b) shamelessness
(c) carelessness
(d) faithlessness.
Ans:  altruism: (a) selflessness, benevolence.
—The truth is that the Doha (Qatar) meeting has stripped the veneer (polish/ mask) of altruism from the face of globalisation.
2. burnish:
(a) pine
(b) dine
(c) fine
(d) shine.
Ans: burnish: (d) shine, brighten.
—The American President’s reputation has been burnished by his response to September 11, 2001 terrorist attack.
3. chiaroscuro:
(a) light and shade
(b) pain and pleasure
(c) loss and gain
(d) day and night.
Ans: chiaroscuro: (a) light and shade (painting/drawing).
—The subjects of drawings vary from a cokebottle shaped body to chiaroscuro renderings of houses and monuments.
4. de facto:
(a) in fact
(b) in need
(c) in doubt
(d) in crisis.
Ans:de facto: (a) in fact.
—The city is rapidly becoming the de facto centre of world diplomacy.
5. extant:
(a) passive
(b) existing
(c) remote
Ans: extant: (b) existing.
—His books have radically altered extant thinking on Indian politics and society.
6. frazzle:
(a) excite
(b) exhaust
(c) explore
(d) exploit.
Ans: frazzle: (b) exhaust.
—The court order in his favour has soothed his frazzled nerves.
7. genuflect:
(a) stand at ease
(b) move with speed
(c) bend for worship
(d) beg for mercy.
Ans: genuflect: (c) bend(ing) for worship or respect.
—It is painfully amusingto see some visitors genuflecting before the  exquisitely carved stone idols dumped in a police-station/ lock-up room.
8. hypsophobia:
(a) fear of high places
(b) fear of wild animals
(c) fear of ghosts
(d) fear of strangers.
Ans: hypsophobia: (a) fear of high places.
—He suffers from hypsophobia since his childhood.
9. ingenious:
(a) deceptive
(b) talkative
(c) profitable
(d) original.
Ans: ingenious: (d) original.
—Sufism is both ingenious and assimilative cutting across creed, culture and classes.
10. laundromat:
(a) washing process
(b) witness box
(c) circumstantial evidence
(d) fearful sight.
Ans: laundromat: (a) washing/cleaning process, i m p r o v e m e n t / t r a n s - formation.
—Most major religions of the world have gone through the laundromat of humanism and enlightenment.
11. motley:
(a) natural
(b) logical
(c) diverse
(d) uniform.
Ans: motley: (c) diverse, assorted.
—The alliance of so many parties may be a motley group, but they can also boast of much stronger links with the ordinary people.
12. neophyte:
(b) beginner
(c) experienced
(d) mountaineer.
Ans: neophyte: (b) beginner, novice.
—He came to office as a neophyte with little experience or interest inforeign affairs.
13. obituary:
(a) death warrant
(b) death sentence
(c) deadly deal
(d) death notice.
Ans:obituary: (d) death notice.
—Without the coincidence, her recovery may well have been her obituary.
14. provenance:
(a) place of worship
(b) hour of glory
(c) place of origin
(d) guilty of theft.
Ans: provenance: (c) place of origin.
—A small museum was set up where the relics (of the past) were displayed with a brief description of their adventure filled provenance.
15. quandary:
(a) stateof uncertainty
(b) state of ignorance
(c) state of readiness
(d) state of bankruptcy.
Ans: quandary: (a) state of uncertainty.
—He is evidently in a quandary and does not know how to act or react.
16. ramble:
(a) work for livelihood
(b) read for knowledge
(c) travel for pleasure
(d) walk for pleasure.
Ans: ramble: (d) walk for pleasure.
—It is time to give back to the few remaining animals in the wild the space to ramble and roar unhindered.
17. spigot:
(a) devil
(b) department
(c) device
(d) development.
Ans: spigot: (c) device.
—Infiltration is no longer a spigot that can be turned on and off in order to leverage a more favourable political outcome.
18. tidbit/titbit:
(a) speech
(b) scholarship
(c) gossip
(d) scandal.
Ans: tidbit: (c) gossip.
—The scholar does not titillate the reader with tidbits/titbits about the many powerful personalities who have crossed his path.
19. voyeuristic:
(a) ugly sight
(b) sexual pleasure
(c) sick mind
(d) healthy body.
Ans: voyeuristic: (b) sexual pleasure (seeking).
—The story narrates the plight of a set of voyeuristic friends who gloat over pornographic collection.
20. whimsy:
(a) strange behaviour
(b) firm opinion
(c) sufficient space
(d) imaginary flight.
Ans:whimsy: (a) fanciful or strange behaviour.
—A regime prone to whimsy follows certain policies that may confuse many an analyst.
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