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Friday, 8 May 2015

SBI PO 2015: Reasoning Practice - 3

Direction (Q. 1): In these questions, the relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by conclusions. Give answer

1) if only conclusion I is true.

2) if only conclusion II is true.

3) if either conclusion I or II is true.

4) if neither conclusion I nor II is true.

5) if both conclusions I and II are true.

1. Statements: F > K, K < B, B ≤ M

Conclusions: I. M > F II. B > F

 

Direction (Q. 2 - 4) : Study the following information to answer the given questions: In a certain code, 'Delhi a big city' is written as 'ka le te pa', 'Delhi is beautiful' is written as 'ka ni lo' and 'Mumbai is big and beautiful' is written as 'cha ni te so lo'.

2. Which of the following is the code for 'beautiful'?

1) ka 2) le 3) te 4) lo 5) pa

 

3. What does 'te' represent in this code language?

1) Delhi 2) Mumbai 3) big 4) city 5) beautiful

 

4. Which of the followings may represent 'Mumbai is a city'?

1) ni te so pa 2) cha lite so 3) pa ta ka cha

4) ni le pa cha 5) None of these

 

Direction (Q. 5 - 10): Study the following information to answer the given questions.

A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: come here 38 48 57 for again 65 with

Step 1:65 come here 38 48 57 for with again

Step II: 65 57 here 38 48 for with again come

Step III: 65 57 48 here 38 with again come for

Step IV: 65 57 48 3 8 with again come for here

Step V: 65 57 48 38 again come for here with

And step V is the last step of the rearrangement. As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

5. Input: home turn 39 24 86 44 roll over

Which of the following will be the last step?

1) Step III 2) Step IV 3) Step V

4) Step VI 5) None of these

 

6. Step III. 94 car 86 window shut 52 31 house.

Which of the following is a definite input for the above step?

1) 94 car window 86 shut 52 31 house

2) 86 window 94 car shut 52 31 house

3) car shut window 86 52 31 house 94

4) Cannot be determined

5) None of these

 

7. Input: 58 box 47 dew 15 21 town pot

Which of the following will be the last step?

1) Step I 2) Step II 3) Step III 4) Step IV 5) Step V

 

8. Input: show 51 36 new far 81 46 goal

Which of the: following is the last but one step?

1) Step II 2) Step III 3) Step IV 4) Step V 5) None of these

 

9. Input: buy win task 52 38 43 door 12

Which of tine following will be the fourth step after rearrangement?

1) 52 buy 43 door 38 task 12 win

2) 52 43 38 112 buy door task win

3) 53 12 38 42 buy door task win

4) 52 43 38 12 buy task door win

5) None of these

 

10. Step II. 76 42 32 over join ark begin

How many more steps will be required to complete the arrangement?

1) One 2) Two 3) Three 4) Four 5) None of these

 

Direction (Q. 11 - 15): Read the given information carefully and answer the questions based on them. Six members of a family, P, Q, R, S, T and U, are Psychologist, Manager, Advocate, Jeweller, Doctor and Singer, not in the same order.

(i) Doctor is the grandfather of U, a Psychologist.

(ii) Manager S is married to P.

(iii) R, who is a Jeweller, is married to Advocate.

(iv) Q is tile mother of U and T.

(v) There are two married couples in the family.

11. What is the profession of P?

1) Manager 2) Singer 3) Advocate

4) Cannot: be determined 5) None of these

 

12. How many male members are there in the family?

1) Two 2) Three 3) Four 4) Cannot be determined 5) None of these

 

13. What is the profession of T?

1) Manager 2) Psychologist 3) Singer

4) Doctor 5) None of these

 

14. Who are the couples in the family?

1) P, S and R, Q 2) P, Q and R, S 3) P, T and S, T

4) P, R and Q, S 5) None of these

 

15. How P is related to T?

1) Father 2) Grandmother 3) Wife

4) Grandfather 5) None of these

 

Direction (Q. 16 - 20): In making decisions on important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments in so far as they relate to the question. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question given below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments a ‘strong’ argument is and which a ‘weak’ argument is. Give answer

1) if only argument I is strong.

2) if only argument II is strong.

3) if either argument I or II is strong.

4) if neither argument I nor II is strong.

5) if both arguments I and II are strong.

 

16. Statement: Should public holidays be declared on demise of important national leaders?

Arguments: I. No, such unscheduled holidays will hamper the nations progress.

II. Yes, people would like to pay homage to the departed soul.

 

17. Statement: Should we impart sex education in schools?

Arguments: I. Yes, all the developing nations are doing so.

II. No, we cannot impart it in co-educational schools.

 

18. Statement: Should new universities be established in India?

Arguments: I. Yes, we have not yet achieved the target of literacy.

II. No, fresh graduates will only add to the already grave situation of employment in India.

 

19. Statement: Keeping in consideration the longevity of life in India, should the age limit for retirement in government jobs be increased?

Arguments: I. Yes, other countries have decided on this long before.

II. Yes, it is the demand of lakhs of employees.

 

20. Statement: Should tine government levy tax on agricultural income also?

Arguments: I. Yes that is the only way to increase government's income.

II. No, eighty per cent of our population lives in rural areas.

 

 

Answers & Explanation

1. 4; F > K, K < B, B < M

= F > K < B < M

So, M and F can’t be compared, ie I is not true.

Nor can B and F, ie II is not true.

(2 - 4):

Delhi a big city – ka le ta pa

Delhi is beautiful – ka ni lo

Mumbai is big and beautiful – cha nit e so lo

Delhi – ka, beautiful – lo, is –ni, big – te

2. 4; 3. 3; 4. 4; ni le pa cha

(5 - 9): In step I, the largest number becomes the leftmost. Also, the word that comes first alphabetically goes to the end. In Step II, the second largest number comes at second from left. Also, the second word in alphabetical order goes to the end. This goes on till numbers are arranged in depending order and words alphabetically.

5. 2;

Input: home turn 39 24 86 44 roll over

Step I: 86 turn 39 24 44 roll over home

Step II: 86 44 turn 39 24 roll home over

Step III: 86 44 39 turn 24 home over roll

Step IV: 86 44 39 24 home over roll turn

6. 4; we can’t proceed backward.

7. 4; Input: 58 box 47 dew 15 21. Town pot

Step I: 58 47 dew 15 21 town pot b o x

Step II: 58 47 15 21 town pot box dew

Step III: 58 47 21 15 town box divvy pot

Step IV: 58 47 21 15 box dew pot town

8. 2; Input: show 51 36 new far 81 46 goal

Step I: 81 show 51 36 new 46 goal far

Step II: 81 51 show 36 new 46 far goal

Step III: 81 51 46 show 36 far goal new

Step IV: 81 51 46 36 far goal new show

And Step IV is the last step.

Hence, last but one step is step III.

9. 2; Input: buy win task 52 3i! 43 door 12

Step I: 52 win task 38 43 door 12 buy

Step II: 52 43 win task 38 12 buy door

Step III: 52 43 38 win 12 buy do or task

Step IV: 52 43 38 12 buy door task win

10. 2; Step II: 76 42 32 over jo in ark begin

Step III: 76 42 32 over ark begin join

Step IV: 76 42 32 ark begin join over

(11 - 15):

P + (Doctor) = S - (Manager)

[R+(Jeweller) = Q – (Advocate)]

T(Singer) U(Psychologist)

11. 5; Doctor

12. 4; 13. 3; 14. 1; 15. 4;

16. 1; Considering India’s economy, unscheduled holidays will hamper national progress. Hence, argument I is strong. II is weak as paying homage does not require a holiday.

17. 4; None of the arguments; is supported by a clear logic. Hence both the arguments are weak.

18. 4; Both arguments are weak. On fact, there is no relation between the establishment of universities and the achievement of literacy target. Second - It appears illogical.

19. 2; 4uccessful policies of other countries may not surely succeed in our country too. Hence argument I is weak. Since II is the demand of lakhs of employees, it need not be justified. Hence argument II is weak.

20. 4; Both the arguments are weak.

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